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Piping and how it is done

Piping and How it is Done

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The GLUTEN-FREE COOKBOOK by The Australian Women's Weekly To see more Women's Weekly Cookbooks click here New softcover book delicious colour photos. Published 2009 128 pages. Gluten-free wheat-free yeast-free dairy-free egg-free nut-free recipes When you're intolerant to gluten or dairy or any other food group cooking can be difficult and meal times are often boring. Kids' parties are a nightmare and cakes are out of the question. The Gluten-Free Cookbook changes all that. It's full of truly delicious recipes that you never thought you could eat including cakes and desserts. The book is endorsed by The Coeliac Society of Australia. Includes chapters on: Food for thought - excellent informat here

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The HEALTHY HOMEMADE PET FOOD COOKBOOK 75 Whole-food recipes and tasty treats for dogs and cats of all ages by BARBARA TAYLOR-LAINO To see other books about dogs and other animals click here New softcover book 176 pages. Published 2013. Organic seasonal farm-to-table food has become a huge movement - and for good reason. Whole food is more nutritions better tasting and less prone to contamination. However conscious eating shouldn't exclude the family pet. Commercial pet food is often low in nutrients and high in preservatives grains and fillers that in many cases contradict what the animal was biologically designed to eat. As a resilt many pet owners are looking for solutions to the issue of click the link

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CLASSIC CHRISTMAS by The Australian Women's Weekly See other Christmas books click here New hardcover book published 2009. Gorgeous mouthwatering colour photos and step-by-step instructions Roast Turkey ~*~ Baked Ham ~*~ Christmas Pudding ~*~ Mince Pies Christmas is the time for family celebration and this title is filled with all your seasonal favourites. Classic Christmas is where you'll find that recipe your mother gave you for baked ham roast turkey mince pies fruit cake Christmas pudding. There are traditional and contemporary recipes for drinks and nibbles starters mains sides puddings cakes and edible gifts. It's a book you'll hand down to your own children so that generations to come click here.....

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DECADENCE Desserts by PHILIP JOHNSON New hardcover book with dustjacket. 192 pages published 2008. Superb photography by Jared Fowler This glorious collection of lush exquisite decadent desserts from acclaimed chef Philip Johnson will have your tastebuds tingling with pleasure. Dreamy creamy chilled chocolatey fruity hot iced - whatever you are craving you’ll find it here with over 90 exquisite show-stealing mouth-dropping extravaganzas to choose from. Thie book contains jut what you need for that perfect afternoon indulgence or a memorable ending to any meal. Whether you're out to impress or just to indulge Decadence is a book to treasure and adore. Chapters include: Crazy for Chocola full details

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CLASSIC CUPCAKES by The Australian Womens Weekly To see other Cake Cupcake and Baking books click here Brand new hardcover book 240 pages published 2010. Gorgeous mouthwatering colour photos and step-by-step instructions. wedding birthday and baby cakes Cupcakes have taken over as the cake of choice for all occasions. These delightful and original little cakes are much more than just a treat for afternoon tea. You can serve them as a special dessert at a dinner party with a different cupcake for each guest or make cupcakes instead of a birthday cake for children. The cupcakes in Classic Cupcakes look like little works of art but the instructions on making them are clear and easy-to-follow. C more.....

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HOME BAKED An Australian Women's Weekly Cookbook See more Baking books click here New softcover book first 2005 this edition published 2013 248 pages lots of delicious colour photos. Make your next cup of tea or coffee that little bit special by opening up your cake tin and relaxing with a perfect slice of cake muffin biscuit or cupcake ... or any one of over 110 ideas for easy baking. Treat your friends to a taste of times gone by with a piece of simple Victoria sponge send some fruity slice in a school lunchbox or pack a home-made treat for your next picnic. No one can resist the aroma of a freshly baked cake or batch of scones and you don't have to be an expert baker to cook these sweet t further data

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COOKING FOR KIDS WITH ALLERGIES by The Australian Women's Weekly To see other gluten-free and allergy cookbooks click here New large softcover book 184 pages published 2012. Food allergies in children are becoming increasingly common and finding suitable food for them can be a nightmare for parents. Even if your child is not living with a food allergy many parents still need recipes that are gluten- dairy- and egg-free to everyone can enjoy the food at your child's birthday party. The recipes cover gluten-free dairy-free and egg-free dishes and each recipe also notes whether it is nut-free and wheat-free. There are tasty recipes for breakfast and brunch the lunchbox after-school snacks dinne further data

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COOKING CLASS CAKE DECORATING by The Australian Women's Weekly To see other Baking and Cake Decorating books click here New softcover book published 2008 120 pages. This title was previously published as 'Celebration Cakes'. Making an impressively decorated and cleverly themed cake for a special occasion has been the triumph of generations of home cooks. This new book from the famous Australian Women's Weekly Test Kitchen not only keeps the tradition alive but also brings new products and simplified techniques to the mix. No matter what you need to know - from making chocolate curls with ease to embellishing a multi-tiered wedding cake with decorative piping - Cooking Class Cake Decorating s come here

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PARTY ANIMALS Over 60 favourite Birthday Cake designs by The Australian Women's Weekly To see other Children's Birthday Cake books click here New softcover book with over 60 clever easy designs gorgeous full-colour photos and step-by-step instructions with full-sized pattern sheet. Published 2007 120 pages. This fantastic book is full of all-time favourite animal cakes - your child will delight in these charming critters and won't be able to wait until their next birthday to choose one. The cakes are easy to make and require no special skills. Each cake is pictured and many have step-by-step instructions. A full-sized pattern sheet is also included. This bright and colourful collection will more data

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MARTHA STEWART'S COOKIES The very best treats to bake and to share To see other Cake Cupcake and Baking books click here Brand new large softcover book published 2008 352 pages lots of gorgeous mouthwatering colour photos and step-by-step instructions The must-have baker's guide with 175 cookies to make to enjoy and to share. Whether you’re baking for a party or a picnic a formal dinner or a family supper–or if you simply want something on hand for snacking–there is a cookie that’s just right. Martha Stewart’s Cookies has 175 recipes and variations that showcase all kinds of flavors and fancies. Besides perennial pleasers like traditional chocolate chip and oatm more here.....

Piping and how it is done
PRACTICE is most important for a beginner. You'll find an upturned cake tin or a sheet of glass ideal for this.
With the glass you can draw guide designs on paper, fix under the glass and pipe the outlines on top.
The icing can be scraped from both tin and glass, put back into the bag and used over and over for practice.
To prepare the bag for icing, attach the pipe to the screw and put about 2 tblspns icing in the bag. Never have too much icing because a very full bag is difficult to handle.
Twist the open ends clock­wise and press well down from the outside with your fingers to squeeze out any air.
Hold the bag with the twist between your first finger and thumb, having your thumb well pressed on the twist to keep the bag closed.
Guide or steady the bag with the tip of the first finger of your left hand. The pressure from your right hand fingers forces the icing out in an even flow.
Practise with the star pipe first, because it's easier to master than the others.


The Star Pipe - With this pipe you can make stars of various sizes, shell edgings, shell scrolls and a basket weave.
For stars, hold the bag in an upright position and lightly touch the tip of the pipe on to the cake.
Press until the star is the size you want and then stop pressure. Lift pipe quickly from cake, otherwise the star will have a long thread.
To do a shell edging or border, hold the bag in a slanting position, apply fairly heavy pressure and, as it forms a shell shape, draw it to the right pull­ing the icing to a point.
For a continuous shell border, begin the next shell, without lifting the pipe from the cake, by piping over the point of the first.Continue this way so that each successive one overlaps.
To make a double shell border for the base of a cake, pipe one shell up on to the cake, the next down on to the board, and so on.

Basket Weave Pipe - You can make various types of weaves with this pipe. It can also be combined with a thick writing pipe or a star pipe to vary the design. In this case, the basket pipe is used for the horizontal lines.
Beginning at the top of the cake and holding the bag in a slanting position, pipe the first line along top of cake.
Next, make vertical lines at regular intervals over this first line and then follow "with another horizontal line. Make sure that this horizontal line covers the ends of the vertical
lines. Pipe the second row of ver­tical lines midway between those in the first vertical row.
Basket weave is done with a basket pipe alone or in combination with a star or writing pipe.

Leaf Pipe - Used for leaves, frilling and it can be used for daffodil petals.
To pipe leaves, hold the bag in a slightly slanting position and let the tip of the pipe (with its broad side to the cake) touch very slightly. Gen­tly press, without moving the pipe, until the icing fans out with the vein mark down the centre.
Now stop pressure and gen­tly pull the pipe down to form the tip of the leaf. Touch cake to break off icing.
Various shaped leaves may be made by twisting your hand to either side while pulling away.
You can make attractive two-tone leaves by putting a spoonful of brown icing in one side of the bag and a spoonful of green in the other. As you squeeze the icing out, the colours combine, giving an in­teresting variegated effect.
For frilling on the skirt of a doll cake, hold the bag side­ways across the cake, apply a steady pressure and move the pipe across the cake in a wavy manner.
Pipe a second row slightly overlapping the first and con­tinue overlapping each successive row until the skirt is completed.

Petal Pipe - This is used tor roses, sweet peas, pansies and most of the flowers used to decorate cakes.

The Writing Pipe - This pipe is used for lattice, scrolls, dots, lines, festoons, bunches of grapes, forget-me-nots, lettering and birds.
For lines, hold the pipe up­right, with the point just touching the cake where the design begins.
Press lightly and evenly and, at the same time, lift the pipe from the cake with a slow, steady movement and draw out a thread of icing to the required length.
Place it in position on the design, touch pipe on to cake, stop pressure and lift off quickly.
If the thread breaks, the icing is being pulled too sharp­ly, so apply more pressure or work a little slower.
To make dots, hold the bag upright and lightly touch the tip of the pipe on the cake.
Press bag until a dot the size required is made. Stop pressure and lift pipe away.
This must be done quickly, or a long peak will form on top of the dot. Graduated dots are made by using heavier or lighter pressure.
For a.scroll design, hold the bag in a slightly slanting posi­tion.
When doing lettering. it's a good idea for beginners to write or print the words on a piece of paper. put on the cake and prick the outlines through with a pin

How to Pipe Flowers, Fruits and Birds
YOU can pipe most flowers on to the waxed side of small pieces of waxed paper arid remove when dry; or you can buy special flower nails and fix these pieces of paper on to them with a spot of royal icing; or you can make your own flower nails by stick­ing unused bottle tops (crown seals) to nails. Use flat-topped nails 2in to 3in long and a strong adhesive.
If piping the flowers directly on to these home-made flower nails, grease lightly with melt­ed white vegetable shortening.
While flowers are drying, stick nails into a board with rows of holes about *in deep bored in it (similar to a crib­bage board).
When flowers are dry, hold each nail over gentle heat (a candle or a match) for a sec­ond to melt the shortening and so remove flowers.
Fix flowers to the cake with a little dab of royal icing. If they're to be on stems, pipe a green dot in the centre back of each and push into this a short piece of wire bent slight­ly at the tip.


LILY-OF‑THE-VALLEY
You can pipe these on to wire or directly on to the cake. Using a No. 0 or No. 1 writer, begin with a small, elongated dot at the top for a bud.
Pipe two more little dots, side by side, *in further down the stem. Pipe three more tin lower and then another kin down, pipe four pointed dots in a circle.
Repeat, making each group slightly larger than the pre­vious one. With a leaf pipe, pipe an elongated leaf on to waxed paper, making it droop slightly to one side.
If piping directly on to the cake, do a drooping stem first and let it dry before adding the flowers.


WISTARIA
You can pipe this flower on to waxed paper and dry over a rolling pin or you can pipe it straight on to the cake.
Using the small petal pipe and holding the bag upright, pipe a thin petal about lin long.
Pipe two more petals, one on either side of the first and overlapping the base.
Pipe three petals for the third row, overlapping the ends of the petals in second row and with the centre one in line with the first petal piped.
Now pipe four petals for the last row, overlapping the ends of those in the previous row. When dry, carefully peel from the paper and arrange on the cake, point end down. Fix with a little royal icing, pipe leaves under the base and add: a few tendrils.


LAVENDER
Take a wire stem and, hold­ing it so that the top is point­ing down, pipe small dots through a No. 0 or No. 1 writer. Continue with the dots, turn­ing the wire so that it will be completely covered, and pull­ing each dot to a long down­ward point.
As you continue, overlap and use more pressure on the bag to give a thicker-looking flower head. For the last section, change to a larger writing pipe. Hang each wire stem, with the tip down, to dry.

PANSY
For these, two colours may be put into the bag or you can tint the flowers with a brush when they're dry.
Use a No. 20 small petal pipe and hold the bag with the concave side of the pipe upper­most and the thick end point­ing down.
Pipe the first petal with the outward and downward move­ment, turn the nail slightly backward and pipe the second petal to overlap the first.
Now turn the nail slightly forward and pipe the third petal which should overlap the first one a little. Turn the nail back a little once again and pipe the fourth petal opposite the third and overlapping the second slightly.
These four petals should form a half circle. Now add the fifth petal, a wavy one, which is the largest and should take up the remaining half circle.
Pipe a spot of contrasting colour in the centre.

JONQUIL
This flower has six petals. Pipe the first petal with the out-and-back movement, then the second and third petals. These three should occupy no more than half a circle.
Continue with the next three petals, the last of which should join neatly to the first. Before icing is dry, pinch the end of each petal to give the pointed tip.
When dry, use the smallest petal pipe to make the centre. This can be done in one move­ment.
BRIAR ROSE
There are five overlapping petals with an indentation in each. Use a No. 20 small or large petal pipe.
Petals have an edging of pink which shades to white on the inside. Using a knife, line the inside of the bag with pink icing and then fill with white icing.
Pipe the petals with an out­ward and downward move­ment, but pause in the middle of the movement to give the indentation.
Leave until dry and then pipe a circle of yellow or black dots in the centre of each.


SWEET PEA
Use a No. 20 small or large petal pipe and hold it with the curved part toward you.
With the pipe almost flat on the icing nail, pipe the first petal in a three-quarter circle, shaking the pipe lightly to give the waved effect.       
Pipe the second petal in the same way on top of the first. For the centre, hold the pipe upright and use an up-and-down movement. This petal should stand straight out.


FORGET-ME-NOT
Use a No. 1 or No. 0 writing pipe to make a circle of five small dots for each flower, each dot barely touching the next. Put a little spot of yellow in the centre of each.


VIOLET
Use white or mauve royal icing for these and paint them violet after they're dry, with a dot of yellow in the centre. Hold a No. 20 small petal pipe upright and, using a slight up-and-down movement, pipe two petals on top.
Now pipe two more under those and then a larger petal at the bottom.
       
ROSES

Roses can be piped on to flower nails, the sharpened ends of matches or on to wire stems.
You can pipe these on to headless matches, toothpicks, icing nails reversed or on to wire stems.
Make sure the royal icing is fairly stiff before beginning the roses.
Hold the match upright in your left hand, between thumb and first finger, and hold the icing bag in the other hand, in a slanting position, with the concave side of the pipe facing left and the thick end down.
Place the pipe against the match, press the bag and turn the match around slowly, clockwise, so that a strip of icing covers the match and overlaps. Stop pressure and press pipe on to match.
Stand the match in a small hole bored in a piece of wood and go on with the next.
Do about eight of these bud centres at a time and the first one will be nearly dry when you finish.
Now take the first match in your left hand, place the pipe half way up the bud centre and, with a half circle upward movement, pipe a petal half way around the bud centre. Dry as before.
When piping the petals, don't lift the pipe too far away from the match because this will cause folds to form in the petals.
Continue overlapping petals, making each slightly larger until the rose is the size and shape required.
To remove the rose from the match, cut triangles along the edge of a piece of strong card­board. Place the match in a triangle and gently ease the rose off. Leave on cardboard until dry and then store in an airtight container.
If using a left-handed petal pipe, you'll need to reverse the directions.
You can also pipe small rose buds directly on to the cake. For those you use Nos. 1 and 2 writing pipes.
With the No. 2 writer, pipe a pointed bulb and then pipe an "5"-shaped scroll from the pointed tip to the base.
Using green icing and a No. 1 writer, make a small bulb coming from the base and then three small strokes—one in the centre of the bulb and one on either side.

DAFFODILS
Daffodils can be piped on to icing nails, waxed paper or straight on to wire stems.
There are six petals in each flower and they're piped in the same way as jonquil petals, but you use a leaf pipe for them (you can, of course, use a petal pipe if you wish).
If using a petal pipe, let icing dry slightly and then gently pinch the end of each petal into a point.
For the trumpet, take a writing pipe and pipe a circle of icing in the centre.
Build it up until it's the right height. Before icing is quite dry, you can give the trumpet a serrated edge by nicking it with a pin. When dry, touch up the edge with orange colouring.
Another method is to pipe the flower straight On to a wire (if you want it on a stem).
Bend the top of the wire to form a small hook. Using a small petal or large writing
pipe, pipe a coil of icing around the hook, covering it complete­ly. This is the trumpet part.
When dry, take a No. 16 leaf pipe and pipe three petals in a circle, just behind the trumpet. Put aside to dry and then pipe another three petals behind those, placing them so that they show between the first three.
Yet another method is to pipe the petals on the back of a lightly greased spoon, as­semble when dry and pipe the trumpet part in the centre.


DOVE
Pipe on to pieces of waxed paper or greaseproof paper lightly greased with melted white vegetable shortening.
Body, head and beak are all in one piece. Using a No. 4 writer or a greaseproof paper cone with a large piece cut from the end, press out icing to form the body the size you want, then lift pipe and, still keeping a slight pressure, form the neck.
Ease pressure to form the head, lower point of pipe a little and draw away quite quickly to form the beak.
The tail is piped on to the body with a No. 0 writer. Pipe three curved strokes on each side of centre of body and build up once to make tail stronger.
Wings: Lightly grease the back of spoons with melted white vegetable shortening—teaspoons or coffee spoons, de­pending on size of doves.
Pipe a single curved line on the back of the spoon.
Fill in on one side with lines, making each one shorter. Re­member to reverse the second wing so there's a right and left wing.
When quite dry, apply gentle heat for a second and carefully remove from spoon.
Remove dove from paper and fix the wings to the body with a little royal icing. Sup­port them until firm. Add a dot of black colouring for each eye.

 

BLUEBIRD

This little bird can be piped in sections on to waxed paper or the shape can be outlined on the cake and filled in with softened royal icing.
Lightly grease greaseproof paper in the usual way, or use waxed paper.
With a No. 0 or 1 writer, form the wing, using two out and return strokes for the out­side, followed by three out and return strokes, making each one shorter.
For a larger bird, pipe nine out-and-back strokes, the first of which will form the wing shape, then each after that should be gradually shorter. Don't forget to form the second wing in the opposite direction.
For the body. use a No. 1 writer and follow the instruc­tions given for piping the dove.
Pipe the tail on to the bird with a No. 0 or 00 writer, making a long stroke on each side and a short one in the centre.
For the larger bird, use four out-and-return strokes for the tail.
Leave until dry arid then fix wings to body with a little royal icing, supporting them until firm.
Use a spot of black colour­ing for each eye.
Another method is to pipe the tail first and, without lift­ing the pipe, continue to press out the icing to form the body, head and beak. Make the wings separately.
To pipe the bird directly on to the cake, first draw the shape on to paper. Place paper on cake, prick through the outline and flood with the softened royal icing.

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